En60079part14pdf42: A Comprehensive Guide for Electrical Installations in Explosive Atmospheres
What is en60079part14pdf42 and why is it important?
If you work with electrical installations in or near explosive atmospheres, you need to know about en60079part14pdf42. This is a standard that provides specific requirements for the design, selection, erection and initial inspection of electrical installations in explosive atmospheres. In this article, we will explain what en60079part14pdf42 is, what are explosive atmospheres and electrical installations, and what are the benefits of following en60079part14pdf42. We will also discuss the specific requirements of en60079part14pdf42 and how to apply them in practice.
What is en60079part14pdf42?
En60079part14pdf42 is a document that contains the fifth edition of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) standard 60079-14:2013. This standard is part of a series of standards that deal with explosive atmospheres. Explosive atmospheres are mixtures of flammable gases, vapours, mists or dusts with air that can ignite under certain conditions and cause fire or explosion. Electrical installations are systems of electrical equipment that are intended to supply, distribute or use electricity.
The standard 60079-14:2013 provides specific requirements for the design, selection, erection and initial inspection of electrical installations in or associated with explosive atmospheres. The standard applies to all types of electrical equipment, including fixed, portable, transportable and personal, and installations, permanent or temporary. The standard also covers additional environmental conditions that may affect the electrical equipment, such as protection against ingress of water and resistance to corrosion.
What are explosive atmospheres and electrical installations?
Explosive atmospheres are mixtures of flammable gases, vapours, mists or dusts with air that can ignite under certain conditions and cause fire or explosion. Explosive atmospheres can occur in many industries and workplaces, such as oil and gas production, chemical processing, mining, food processing, grain storage, woodworking, waste treatment, etc. Explosive atmospheres can also be caused by natural phenomena, such as lightning, volcanic eruptions or forest fires.
Electrical installations are systems of electrical equipment that are intended to supply, distribute or use electricity. Electrical installations can include power generation units, transformers, switchgear, cables, wiring, sockets, plugs, lighting fixtures, motors, pumps, fans, heaters, sensors, controllers, etc. Electrical installations can be found in many places where explosive atmospheres may exist or arise.
What are the benefits of following en60079part14pdf42?
Following en60079part14pdf42 can provide many benefits for the safety and performance of electrical installations in explosive atmospheres. Some of these benefits are:
Reducing the risk of ignition sources that can cause fire or explosion.
Ensuring the compatibility and suitability of electrical equipment for the specific hazardous area.
Improving the reliability and efficiency of electrical equipment and installations.
Facilitating the maintenance and inspection of electrical equipment and installations.
Complying with the legal and regulatory requirements for electrical safety.
Enhancing the reputation and credibility of the organization.
What are the specific requirements of en60079part14pdf42?
The standard 60079-14:2013 contains specific requirements for three aspects of electrical installations in explosive atmospheres: design, selection and erection.
Design of electrical installations
The design of electrical installations in explosive atmospheres should consider the following factors:
The classification of hazardous areas according to the frequency and duration of occurrence of explosive atmospheres.
The selection of appropriate protection techniques and methods for each type of hazardous area.
The layout and arrangement of electrical equipment and wiring to minimize the potential for ignition sources.
The provision of adequate earthing (grounding), bonding and equipotential connections to prevent static electricity accumulation.
The provision of adequate ventilation, drainage and sealing to prevent accumulation or ingress of flammable substances.
The provision of adequate lighting, heating and cooling to ensure safe operation and maintenance.
The provision of adequate emergency systems, such as alarms, shutdown devices and fire-fighting equipment.
Selection of electrical equipment
The selection of electrical equipment for explosive atmospheres should consider the following factors:
The suitability of the equipment for the specific hazardous area according to its protection technique (e.g., flameproof enclosure), protection level (e.g., increased safety) and temperature class (e.g., T1).
The compatibility of the equipment with other components in the installation according to their voltage rating (e.g., 230 V), current rating (e.g., 16 A) and frequency rating (e.g., 50 Hz).
The certification or marking of the equipment by an accredited body according to its conformity with relevant standards (e.g., IEC 60079 series).
The availability of technical documentation for the equipment such as instructions manuals, certificates, drawings, data sheets, etc.
Erection and initial inspection of electrical installations
The erection and initial inspection of electrical installations in explosive atmospheres should consider the following factors:
The compliance of the installation with the design specifications and drawings.
The quality and integrity of the materials, components and workmanship used in the installation.